Periodontal Disease

Periodontal (gum) disease affects the gums and bones that support your teeth. More then 90% of the population will suffer from gum inflammation (gingivitis), however between 10-15% of the population will have a more severe form (periodontitis), where there is destruction of supporting bone and structures. Both are caused by the bacteria present in the build up of dental plaque.

Where gingivitis is reversible with good oral hygiene, in periodontitis teeth will be lost without treatment and long-term maintenance.

Signs and symptoms of periodontitis:

  • Gums that bleed when brushing
  • Swollen gums
  • Bad taste or smell
  • Movement or drifting of teeth

Common Risk factors:

  • Family history
  • Smoking
  • Stress
  • Uncontrolled diabetes

In adults, periodontal disease is the most common cause of tooth loss. If you have any signs or symptoms please ask your dentist for a referral, if not please contact us directly for an assessment.


Treatment is very successful in keeping teeth, although this is dependant on achieving and keeping an excellent level of oral hygiene and receiving long-term maintenance care.

In your first appointment, we will carry out a thorough examination of your teeth and gums, followed by a clear explanation of the disease and how it affects you. We will then give you all treatment options so that you can receive the best possible care.

For further information please visit;

British Society of Periodontology